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 Monogram Do-17 15.(Kroatische)/KG 53 1/72 scale

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Join date : 2017-02-18
Location : East Coast USA

PostSubject: Monogram Do-17 15.(Kroatische)/KG 53 1/72 scale   Sun Feb 19 2017, 12:40

Another from the wrecked pile of the  late 1970's, finished this one up this morning.    

 This is a Monogram kit from the 70's .  1.72 Monogram Dornier Do-17 5303-0300 .    

I had to repair the perspex on this on as they had all fallen away but at least were not broken, the machine guns were either broken or missing as well.  I found some spares and sprue to replace some of it.  The landing sear was broken up as well.   The horizontal stabilizer hinges are missing but it looks like perhaps  I never installed them to begin with.  The hoop radio aerial needs to be replaced.   Some research  on the squadron badge helped me find the kit maker and number     15.(Kroatische)/KG 53 An interesting unit choice for Monogram.





The Croatian Air Force Legion (Croatian: Hrvatska Zrakoplovna Legija), or HZL, also known as the Croatian Legion, was a foreign volunteer unit of the Luftwaffe raised from volunteers drawn from the Independent State of Croatia which fought on the Eastern Front between 1941-1943 in the Second World War. It was then absorbed by the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia and its surviving members fought on Croatian soil against the partisans under Tito and others.   The legion had approximately 360 men.

The unit was sent to Germany for training on 15 July 1941 before heading to the Eastern Front.  Many of the pilots and crews had previously served in the Royal Yugoslav Air Force during the Invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941. Some of them also had experience in the two main types that they would operate, the Messerschmitt 109 and Dornier Do 17, with two fighter pilots having actually shot down Luftwaffe aircraft.   Officially designated '15.(Kroatische)/KG 53'., the bomber squadron was equipped with Dornier Do 17Z aircraft. It arrived on the Eastern Front on 25 October 1941, after training at the Grosse Kampfflieger Schule 3, in Greifswald, Germany. Their first area of operations was near Vitebsk. The rest of the Bomber Squadron's assignments were in the Northern Sector of the Eastern Front, including the bombing of Leningrad and Moscow. On 9 November 1941, the Squadron was congratulated by Fieldmarshall Kesselring for its actions thus far. After flying some 1,500 sorties on the Eastern Front, the Squadron and its aircraft were re-deployed to Croatia in December 1942, to help combat the growing Partisan threat to the Axis forces in occupied Yugoslavia.  The Legion's commander was Ivan Mark. During operations over the Eastern Front, the unit's fighters scored a total of 283 kills while its bombers participated in addition to the 1500 combat missions.  There were some recorded defections to the Soviets and to the Allies in Italy.   The unit was disbanded at wars end with crews flying the remaining Do-17's to Italy and  Austria to avoid surrender to the partisans and red army units.   The British according to agreements made at Potsdam returned many Croat units to Yugoslavia.  



The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift (German: 'flying pencil'), was a World War II German light bomber produced by Claudius Dornier's company, Dornier Flugzeugwerke. It was designed as a Schnellbomber ('fast bomber'), a light bomber which, in theory, would be so fast that it could outrun defending fighter aircraft. In the late 30's this proved to be the case as it could out run that generations fighter aircraft.  By 1940 the design was past its prime.  In the battle of Britain the newer generation of fighters ripped the Do-17 formations to shreds.  A Do-17 might evade attack by  dropping its bombs and entering a steep turning dive.   It was not helpless as it did record victories over British and later Soviet and even American fighters later in the war.  




The Dornier was designed with two engines mounted on a "shoulder wing" structure and possessed a twin tail fin configuration. The type was popular among its crews due to its manoeuvrable handling at low altitude, which made the Dornier capable of surprise bombing attacks. Its sleek and thin airframe made it harder to hit than other German bombers, as it presented less of a target.


Designed in the early 1930s, it was one of the three main Luftwaffe bomber types used in the first three years of the war. The Do 17 made its combat debut in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War, operating in the Legion Condor in various roles. Along with the Heinkel He 111 it was the main bomber type of the German air arm in 1939-40. The Dornier was used throughout the war, and saw action in significant numbers in every major campaign theatre as a front line aircraft until the end of 1941, when its effectiveness and usage was curtailed as its bomb load and range were limited. Production of the Dornier ended in the summer of 1940, in favor of the newer and more powerful Junkers Ju 88. The successor of the Do 17 was the much more powerful Dornier Do 217, which started to appear in strength in 1942. Even so, the Do 17 continued service in the Luftwaffe in various roles until the end of the war, as a glider tug, research and trainer aircraft. A considerable number of surviving examples were sent to other Axis nations. Few Dornier Do 17s survived the war. The last airworthy operated aircraft being used by the FAF was eventually scrapped in Finland in 1952.



On 3 September 2010, the Royal Air Force Museum London announced the discovery of a Henschel-built Dornier Do 17Z buried in the Goodwin Sands off the coast of Kent, England. On 10 June 2013, the salvage team successfully raised the air frame from the seabed.


The most numerous model was the Dornier 17 Z. Over 400 were employed by the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain, equipping at least 15 units on bombing and reconnaissance duties, predominantly Kampfgeschwader (KG - Bomber Wing) 2, 3 and 76. Nearly 200 examples were destroyed (from various causes) during operations between August and November 1940. The Dornier 17 Z-2, powered by a pair of Bramo 'Fafnir' 323P air-cooled, 9 cylinder, radial engines each rated at 1,000hp, was flown by a crew of four and equipped with up to 7 x 7.92 mm MG 15 machine guns. The maximum bomb load was slightly over 2,000lbs.    

Polish Campaign


A series of new models introduced the new enlarged nose, greatly increasing defensive firepower, finally settling on the Z models, which were widely available by 1939. During the first phase of World War II, the Do 17, along with the He 111, formed the backbone of the Luftwaffe's Kampfgruppen. From 1939 to 1940, four of the Luftwaffe's bomber groups, KG 2, KG 3, KG 76 and KG 77 operated the Dornier. KG 76 and KG 77 operated the first generation Do 17E, with the other two Kampfgeschwader operating only the Do 17Z on the outbreak of war. On 1 September 1939, 533 Dorniers and 705 Heinkels were combat-ready. The total strength of the Dornier force was approximately 100 Do 17 E-1s, 32 M-1s, 188 Z-1 and Z-2s as well as 213 P-1s. Its reliability and robustness made it highly popular in the Luftwaffe.

During the campaign, Do 17s of I./KG 2 took part in the Battle of Bzura, in which they used incendiary bombs against Polish forces consisting of Army Poznań and Army Pomorze. These raids caused a huge number of Polish casualties, who by now had retreated to dense wooded areas, contributing to their vulnerability. The Do 17 had performed well and could use its speed to outrun Polish fighter aircraft.

Norwegian Campaign


The only Do 17 unit known to have taken part in the Norwegian Campaign was the 1.(F)/120 (Aufklärungsgruppe) long-range reconnaissance unit. It operated from Lübeck/Blankensee, in northern Germany until the occupation of Denmark, and was then based at Stavanger on 10 April 1940, after the Wehrmacht had secured southern Norway. Equipped with the Do 17 P-1, it provided reconnaissance intelligence over the Norwegian coast and the North Sea.

Campaign in the West 1940

The first German aircraft shot down over France during the war was a Dornier Do 17P of 2(F)123, brought down by Pilot Officer Mould's Hawker Hurricane of No. 1 Squadron RAF on 30 October 1939. The Dornier, Wrk Nr. 4414, constructed at Blohm & Voss, crashed near Vassincourt, killing all three of its crew, Hauptmann Balduin von Norman, Oberleutnant Hermann Heisterberg and Feldwebel Friedrich Pfeuffer.

On 10 May the Dornier units, Kampfgeschwader 2, KG 3 and KG 4, were under the command of Fliegerkorps. II. Kampfgeschwader 76 and 77 also operated the Do 17 under Fliegerkorps I and Fliegerkorps VIII. The Do 17 saw its usefulness diminish during the French campaign owing to its limited bomb load and range. The design continued to be favoured by the Luftwaffe aircrews, as it was more maneuverable than the He 111 or Ju 88, and because of its ability to perform low-level strikes well. An example of this was a raid carried out by KG 2 against the RAF-controlled airfield at Vraux on 10 May. Six Bristol Blenheims and two Fairey Battles of No. 114 Squadron RAF were destroyed, with many more damaged. However Allied fighter resistance on the first day was severe, and KG 2 and KG 3 of Fliegerkorps II lost a total of 19 Do 17s between them on 10 May. Only two weeks into the campaign, KG 2 and 3 suffered fuel shortages, keeping the Dorniers grounded, and forcing some attacks to be aborted. By the beginning of June, the Dornier Geschwader were encountering less opposition and losses declined sharply, as the Armée de l'Air was no longer a sufficient threat. However, over Dunkirk, the RAF fighters inflicted a high loss rate. On 2 June, 30 German aircraft were destroyed, including 16 Do 17s (4 from KG 2 and 12 from KG 3). The Dornier units dropped some 320 tonnes (350 tons) of bombs.





Battle of Britain

During the Polish campaign, the Do 17Z could use its 427 km/h (265 mph) maximum speed to stay away from most enemy fighters, and its light armament was effective. It also fought with success during the Battle of France and losses were relatively light, although when facing modern fighters like the Hawker Hurricane, the bomber proved slow in comparison and more vulnerable. When it faced British fighters during the Battle of Britain, it was shown that fast, well-armed monoplane fighters had changed the balance between bombers and fighter decidedly in favour of the latter. The Do 17 suffered in early raids.


Since the Fafnir was a low-altitude engine, the Luftwaffe responded by employing the Do 17 units in a number of terrain-following mass raids in an attempt to evade fighter opposition. The Dornier was manoeuvrable in comparison to the Heinkel and the more robust nature of radial engines made it ideal for low-level attacks, with a number of units being fitted with 20 mm cannon. The Junkers Ju 88 was now entering service in larger numbers, replacing the Do 17 at higher altitudes. The Dornier excelled at low-level attacks. However, this was becoming more and more dangerous. The British were now firing rocket-powered parachutes into the path of low-flying aircraft and dragging them from the skies. Losses were considerable and on 15 September 1940, the three Dornier-equipped Kampfgruppen suffered heavily, losing twenty shot down and thirteen damaged. Among these was the famous casualty of Dornier Do 17 Z-2 F1 + FH Wk Nr.2361 KG 76, part of which crashed into the forecourt of Victoria Station and elicited a congratulatory note from Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands who had witnessed the event.

A significant event took place on 15 September 1940, now known as 'Battle of Britain Day'. Among the German bombers shot down that day was Dornier Do 17 F1+FS, found in a field near Shoreham. The Dornier was found to be fitted with a flamethrower, installed in the tail. Oil, nitrogen, and hydrogen cylinders were found in the fuselage, while the external pipe was fitted with a jet. Initially, it was concluded that it was a smoke producing device to feign damage. But it was discovered that it was a device that was triggered by one of the rear gunners to destroy a fighter pursuing the bomber from line astern. However, the lack of oxygen meant that the device failed to function, and only a continual spray of oil was emitted.

The losses for the Do 17 in August and September were considerable. In August 1940, 54 Dorniers were lost and another 20 written off due to technical problems and accidents. In September 50 more were lost, with 31 Do 17s and crews missing in action. In October another 36 Dorniers were lost. Dorniers had improvised armament of eight machine guns installed to increase defensive fire power, but still were unable to counter fighter attacks.

The battle continued into October as the Luftwaffe concentrated on night attacks which were carried out by units mainly equipped with the Heinkel He 111 and Junkers Ju 88, as they had bigger bomb loads, and the Ju 88 had a greater speed.

The Dornier Do 17s losses in the Battle of Britain are given as between 132 and 171, the lowest losses as a ratio of the three German bomber types

With the introduction of the Junkers Ju 88 and the new Dornier Do 217 entering production, the Do 17's days were numbered, and production ceased in mid-1940. Even with the end of production, the Dornier saw action in notable numbers after the Battle of Britain, in the Balkan Campaign, Operation Barbarossa (the invasion of the Soviet Union), and with the other Axis air forces.






Specifications (Do 17 Z-2)

Data from Aircraft of the Third Reich,[83] Fighters and Bombers of World War II[84] and Do 17 Z-2 Baubeschreibung, April 1938

General characteristics

   Crew: 4
   Length: 15.8 m (51 ft 10 in)
   Wingspan: 18 m (59 ft 1 in)
   Height: 4.56 m (15 ft 0 in)
   Empty weight: 5,210 kg (11,486 lb)
   Empty equipped: 5,888 kg (12,981 lb) to 5,963 kg (13,146 lb)
   Max takeoff weight: 8,837 kg (19,482 lb)
   Fuel capacity: standard fuel 1,540 l (339 imp gal), with aux tank in forward bomb bay 2,435 l (536 imp gal)
   Powerplant: 2 × Bramo 323P 9-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engines with 1,000 PS (986 hp, 736 kW) for take-off
   Propellers: 3-bladed variable-pitch propellers

Performance

   Maximum speed: 350 km/h (217 mph; 189 kn) at 8,040 kg (17,725 lb) at sea level

                       410 km/h (255 mph) at 8,040 kg (17,725 lb) at 5,000 m (16,404 ft)

   Cruising speed: 300 km/h (186 mph; 162 kn) at 8,837 kg (19,482 lb) at 4,000 m (13,123 ft)
   Combat range: 660 km (410 mi; 356 nmi) with 1,540 l (339 imp gal) fuel and 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) of bombs

                       1,010 km (628 mi) with 2,435 l (536 imp gal) fuel and 500 kg (1,102 lb) of bombs

   Service ceiling: 8,200 m (26,903 ft)
   Wing loading: 156 kg/m2 (32 lb/sq ft)
   Power/mass: 0.170 kW/kg (0.11 hp/lb)

Armament

   Guns: 6 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 15 machine guns in front, rear upper, rear lower and cockpit side positions
   Bombs: 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) of bombs carried internally, either 20 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 4 x 250 kg (551 lb) bombs

______________________________________________________
If you score a victory but lose your wingman, you lost the battle.
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Monogram Do-17 15.(Kroatische)/KG 53 1/72 scale
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