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 The Punch Bowl Memorial - Hawaii

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Kyushu J7W

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Join date : 2017-02-18
Location : East Coast USA

PostSubject: The Punch Bowl Memorial - Hawaii   Sun Feb 19 2017, 10:16

The Punch Bowl - Many of the Hawaii tours drive through but do not stop. Probably best as there is always a funeral going on. Ty and I rented a car and we drove where ever we wanted after the organized Pearl Tour. I wanted to go to the Punchbowl and see the monument up close and walk about, but I did not realize these mosaics were there. This was at the end of May just before the big holiday.




























Interestingly enough ...notice that Peleliu does not have a panel. Not taking anything away from any of the other islands fighting but most students of the war would argue this was as tough and drawn out a fight as any. There are those that feel it should have been bypassed as the airfields were easily neturalized like Truk and other islands but MacArthur wanted them invaded. Not sure how old the memorial is but I wonder if that controversy had anything to do with its downplay here. The mini series the Pacific finally gives this battle some of the recognition it is due as does the excellent book, With The Old Breed by Eugene Sledge

Off Wikipedia.
The reduction of the Japanese pocket around Umurbrogol mountain is considered to be the most difficult fight that the U.S. military encountered in the entire Second World War. The 1st Marine Division was severely mauled and it remained out of action until the invasion of Okinawa on 1 April 1945. In total, the 1st Division suffered over 6,500 casualties during their month on Peleliu, over ⅓ of their entire division. The 81st Infantry Division suffered nearly 3,300 casualties during their tenure on the island.

The battle was controversial due to the island's lack of strategic value. The airfield captured on Peleliu was of little use for the attack on the Philippines. The island was never used for a staging operation in subsequent invasions; the Ulithi Atoll, in the Caroline Islands north of the Palaus, was used as a staging base for the invasion of Okinawa. In addition, few news reports were made on the battle. Due to Rupertus' "3 days" prediction, only six reporters bothered coming ashore. The battle was overshadowed by MacArthur's return to the Philippines and the Allies' push towards Germany in Europe.

The battles for Angaur and Peleliu showed Americans the pattern of future Japanese island defense which would be seen again at Iwo Jima and Okinawa.[6] Naval bombardment prior to amphibious assault at Iwo Jima was only slightly more effective than at Peleliu, but at Okinawa the preliminary shelling was superb. Frogmen performing underwater demolition at Iwo Jima confused the enemy by sweeping both coasts, but later alerted Japanese defenders to the exact assault beaches at Okinawa.[7] American ground forces at Peleliu gained experience in assaulting heavily fortified positions such as they would find again at Okinawa.[8]

On the recommendation of Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr., the planned occupation of Yap Island in the Caroline islands was canceled. Halsey actually recommended that the landings on Peleliu and Angaur be canceled, too, and their Marines and soldiers be thrown into Leyte Island instead, but was overruled by Nimitz.

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