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 Dornier-335 A6 nightfighter 1/72

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Kyushu J7W


Posts : 192
Join date : 2017-02-18
Location : East Coast USA

PostSubject: Dornier-335 A6 nightfighter 1/72   Sun Feb 19 2017, 12:37

It was the dumpster thread that got me thinking about these old builds again. I know some were tossed over the years and a few boxes lost in moves. I will place these "rebuilds" here as I can not be absolutely sure which producer made some of these models. Hence the thread name. TURNS OUT THIS WAS THE REVELL KIT H-96 Released in 1978 which fits the build time window and the mounting for the radar aerials match the spots on the wings of mine that are missing. .

I built this model "good grief" well over 30 + years ago. It was a night fighter version as it does have places for wing radar antenna, but I could not find them in the box with the rest of the pieces. She is a tail dragger. I must have put some putty in the nose as it has shrunk and rattles about. I refrained from trying to open the nose to add more. I cleaned dust and dirt with warm water by dipping the parts in a bowl and also used a small model paint brush to get in the cracks. Dried things off with a paper towel and the decals seemed to hold up. I seem to put some effort into the cockpit and crew but finished it in all black as a night fighter. Missing the radar antenna, pitot tube and radio hoop . This was in the model years BC ( before computers and the internet) where you could look up the specifics easily on any aircraft. In 1989 Schiffer came out with its nice little book on the subject . The stand is a Hobby Master one. I'm running out of room so I'm going to have to find some ways to start displaying my builds.

The Dornier DO-335 Pfeil ( ARROW) proved to be a sound design with no major faults. It first flew on October 26th 1943. If development had been allowed to continue at a steady pace, and had sufficient resources been made available, the teething problems which remained with the type could have been ironed out, and the Pfeil could have emerged as a warplane of major importance to the Luftwaffe. However, as the military situation facing Germany darkened during 1944/45, resources continued to be split between dozens of projects, and development of the Do 335 was rushed, to compensate for the dislocation wrought by allied bombing and the advance of the Allied armies. Development and production was also delayed by the state of German industry, which could not provide the necessary sub-contracted components such as propellers, engines and radios. The development effort was further diluted by unnecessary effort on unattainable advanced derivatives while the basic fighter-bomber was starved of both manpower and money. Thus the Do 335 was scheduled to begin mass construction, with the initial order of 120 pre production aircraft to be manufactured by DWF (Dornier-Werke Friedrichshafen) to be completed no later than March 1946. This number included a number of bombers, destroyers (heavy fighters), and several yet to be developed variants. At the same time, DWM (Dornier-Werke München) was scheduled to build over 2000 Do 335s in various models, due for delivery in March 1946 as well.

On 23 May 1944, Hitler, as part of the Jägernotprogramm directive, ordered maximum priority to be given to Do 335 production. The main production line was intended to be at Manzel, but a bombing raid in March destroyed the tooling and forced Dornier to set up a new line at Oberpfaffenhofen. The decision was made, along with the rapid shut-down of many other military aircraft development programs, to cancel the Heinkel He 219 night fighter, and use its production facilities for the Do 335 as well. However, Ernst Heinkel managed to delay, and eventually ignore, its implementation.

The aircraft was sent to be converted at the night fighting proving grounds at Wereneuchen but the advancing russians cause it to be flown to Stade where the radars were to be added but by then Dornier was in disarray and the formal night fighter config never got completed. There was only one operational Do 335A-6, flown by Werner Baake. who was by then CO as of 2 October 1944 to 8 May 1945 of I./NJG 1 . Flying Do 335 V-10 (CP+UK) with FuG 220 Lichtenstein SN-2 radar. Baake claimed 41 nocturnal aerial victories in 195 combat missions, but no combats with the Do-335 are recorded. After the war Baake found work flying with Lufthansa Airlines. He was a captain in 1964 when he was killed in a training accident while flying a Boeing 720 jetliner, so our chance to know the facts the operational night use is gone.

As far as is known, the Pfeil never entered into combat, although US pilots reported seeing the strange aircraft in the sky during sorties over Germany, and the Erprobungskommando was forced to send aircraft into a sky which could not be guaranteed as being free of hostile aircraft. In May of 1944 the testing command for the Do-335 was created under the direction of Dornier test pilots Padell and Dietler. Do-335 V3 was equipped with an RB 50/30 camera and flew with ther id T 9+ZH for the Long Distance Recon Group. In its single-seat version it was one of the fastest piston-engined fighters ever built, with a claimed top speed of around 475 mph (765 km/h). It is believed to be this plane that was damaged by the Allies and forced to land near Rheims so it was one of the mystery aircraft that worried the 8th AAF.

French ace Pierre Clostermann claimed the first Allied combat encounter with a Pfeil in April 1945. In his book The Big Show (pp. 273–274) he describes leading a flight of four Hawker Tempests from No. 3 Squadron RAF over northern Germany, when he intercepted a lone Do 335 flying at maximum speed at treetop level. Detecting the British aircraft, the German pilot reversed course to evade. Despite the Tempest's considerable low altitude speed, the Royal Air Force fighters were not able to catch up or even get into firing position. Despite this high performance, it was the much slower two-seat night-fighter version which would probably have proved the most effective if the war had continued. Equipped with excellent radar and powerful weapons, and blessed with good visibility, combat persistence and performance, the night-fighter would have wreaked havoc against the RAF bomber streams.


Today, the sole remaining example of this unique type is on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC. Do335A-0 VP+GH (Wk Nr. 240102) was one of the two examples evaluated at the US Navy's Patuxent River Test Centre in 1945. Thereafter, it stayed in open storage for 27 years in the grounds of the NASM storage facility at Silver Hill. In October 1974 the decaying airframe was flown back to Munich, for a complete restoration by Dornier Aircraft at Oberpfaffenhofen (then building Alphajets). The magnificently restored aircraft was first displayed at the Hanover Airshow in May 1976, and then loaned to the Deutches Museum, Munich, for a several years before returning to the NASM.

One interest of note was that the "Pfeil" was equipped with an ejection seat. only the second aircraft to be equipped with one. The upper tailfin and the rear propeller were equipped with explosive bolts to separate them from the fuselage to avoid impacting the pilot in the case of ejection. The actual propeller explosive pack was found still in place and live when the aircraft taken for testing to the USA after the war was sent to Germany by the Smithsonian for restoration for display.

History: First flight (Do 335V-1) autumn 1943; (production A-1) late November 1944.

Specifications (Dornier Do 335A-1 Pfeil "Arrow")

Type: Single Seat Fighter Bomber

Design: Ulrich Hutter designed the original Goppingen Go 9 research aircraft and Dr Claudius Dornier held the patent for the tandem engine layout.

Manufacturer: Dornier-Werke GmbH (Schempp-Hirth built the Goppingen Go 9 on which the Dornier Do 335 was based).

Powerplant: Two 1,750 hp (1305 kw) Daimler-Benz DB 603A-2 12-cylinder inverted Vee piston engines.

Performance: Maximum speed 478 mph (770 km/h) at 21,000 ft (6400 m); cruising speed 426 mph (685 km/h) at 23,295 ft (7100 m); service ceiling 37,400 ft (11400 m).

Range: 857 miles (1380 km) on internal fuel.

Weight: Empty 16,314 lbs (7400 kg) with a maximum take-off weight of 21,164 lbs (9600 kg).

Dimensions: Span 45 ft 3 1/4 in (13.80 m); length 45 ft 5 1/4 in (13.85 m); height 16 ft 4 3/4 in (5.00 m); wing area 414.42 sq ft (38.50 sq m).

Armament: (A-0/A-1) One 30 mm MK 103 cannon firing through the propeller shaft and two cowling mounted 15 mm MG 151/15 cannons. (B-2) One 30 mm MK 103 cannon firing through the propeller shaft and two cowling mounted 15 mm MG 151/15 cannons plus two 30 mm MK 103 in the wings. (Bomber versions) One 1,102 lbs (500 kg) bomb or two 551 lbs (250 kg) bombs internally and two 551 lbs (250 kg) bombs externally.

Variants: Do P.231 (original bomber designation), Do 335A-0 (fighter bomber), Do 335A-1 (fighter), Do 335A-4 (proposed reconnaissance variant), Do 335A-6, Do 335A-10/A-12 (tandem trainers), Do 335B-1 (fighter with two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon), Do 335B-2 (fighter with two 30 mm MK 103 cannon), Do 335B-3 (powered by two 2,100 hp (1566 kw) DB 603LA engines), Do 335B-4 (was intended to have an higher aspect ratio). Corresponding night fighter variants were given the designations Do 335B-5, Do 335B-6, Do 335B-7 and Do 335B-8; Do 435, Do 535, Do 635 Zwilling.

Avionics: (B-2) Fug 125a blind landing receiver and a Fug 25a IFF.

Derivative designs included the Do 435 night-fighter, with side-by-side seating, cabin pressurization and long-span wooden wings, the Do 535 mixed-powerplant fighter with the rear DB 603 replaced by a jet engine, and the Do 635 long-range reconnaissance platform which aimed to mate two Do 335 fuselages together with a new center-section. When the Allies overran the Dornier factory at Oberpfaffenhofen in late April 1945, some 37 Pfeils had been completed, with about 70 others awaiting final assembly and the arrival of components. Note the two seater in the picture below. The US brought two single seaters to the USA A-1 and A-1 models on the escort carrier reaper as part of operation Sea Horse. . The fate of the second one is unknown. The British brought 2 two seater NUMBER 240112 and and 240121 as their War prizes. Flown to England they were displayed at Farnborough for the Victory celebrations. One crashed on a test flight in 1946 killing Group Captain A. F. Hardest. The other is simply listed as destroyed in December 1945 .

If you score a victory but lose your wingman, you lost the battle.
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